From floating lanterns to epic water fights and monkey banquets, Thailand festivals are some of the most incredible in Southeast Asia. The Land of Smiles is widely known as a paradise of soft-sand beaches, elephant-filled jungles, glittering temples and frantic cities. However, it’s the country’s unique annual celebrations that really steal the show. Here are the top 9 Thailand festivals you have to experience.
Important: TopTravelFoods does not promote/recommend any Thai festival that harms animals. For that reason, a few popular Thai festivals are not listed in this article.
In this article, we cover what we believe are the best Thai festivals:
What is the most popular festival in Thailand?
Songkran. It is the most popular festival in Thailand. Although there are several other popular festivals in Thailand to be found, which we discuss in this article. But Songkran, which is Thai New Year, is being held all over the country, for several days and in some parts of Thailand, even for more than a week.
Not only is this Thai festival popular among Thai, many foreigners attend this big water fight that's officially being celebrated on the 13th - 15th April annually. What makes Songkran so popular is that all over the country, big water gun fights are being held. But it's also a major event in the Buddhist calendar. More information about Songkran can be found in the next paragraph, or in our extensive Songkran Guide.
Songkran, it is the most popular festival in Thailand.
The best Thai Festivals are:
1. Songkran, Thai New Year Festival
Do you like the idea of a giant, three-day water fight? Then you’ll love the most famous of Thailand festivals: Songkran. All over the country locals and tourists alike take to the streets to attack each other with water guns, hoses, and buckets of icy water. This is all to celebrate the start of the Thai New Year, which is thought of as a time of cleansing and renewal. This is symbolized by pouring water and smearing white talcum paste on people to bring luck and prosperity.
Songkran is a major event in the Buddhist calendar, making it the most important Thai festival. During Songkran, Buddhists visit temples to pray, light candles and make merit as well as cleanse each other with water. On the main day of celebrations, a procession of Buddha statues, monks and floats passes through the streets and Buddhists pour water over the statues. Tourists are welcome to take part in Songkran celebrations and are even singled out for special drenching by Thai locals.
Songkran is by far the most popular Thailand Festival for a simple reason: water gun fights!
When is Songkran?
The dates for Songkran were traditionally determined by the Thai lunar calendar. In Sanskrit, Songkran means ‘astrological passage’, the time when the sun passes from one sign of the zodiac to another. Nowadays, Songkran is always celebrated on the 13th – 15th April, which is the hottest month in Thailand and the end of the dry season. The perfect time for a water fight!
Important: Songkran 2021 will go ahead and can be celebrated all over the country. However, events must comply with disease control measures. Source: Bangkok Post
Where can you celebrate Songkran?
Songkran is one of the most popular Thailand festivals and is celebrated all over the country. Bangkok is a Songkran hotspot and the backpacker favourite, Khao San Road, becomes one big water fight zone. For more party-minded youngsters, RCA in Bangkok offers amazing parties. Celebrations are also huge in the beach resorts of Pattaya and Phuket and last for a week in the northern city of Chiang Mai. More information about where to celebrate Songkran, as well as the history of this Thai Festival, how locals celebrate Songkran and all the details of how to celebrate this festival can be found in our in-depth article about Songkran and how to celebrate it.
2. Yi Peng, Thai Lantern Festival
Imagine thousands of paper lanterns, lit by flickering candles, floating into the night sky against a full moon. This moving spectacle is the highlight of the Yi Peng festival and thousands of people flock to northern Thailand every November to witness it. However, the lantern release is just one part of the three-day Buddhist festival. Celebrations also include religious events, lantern displays, music, parades, fireworks and food, making Yi Peng one of the most exciting Thailand festivals.
Most importantly, Yi Peng is a time for Buddhists to release bad memories, make wishes for the future and pay respect to Buddha. The act of releasing a lantern symbolises letting go of the past and moving from darkness into light. It’s an ancient, sacred ritual which originated in the Lanna (northern Thai) kingdom. Traditionally, only monks released lanterns but today anyone can take part in the festivities, provided they are respectful.
Stunning scenes during Yi Peng, another world-famous Thai festival.
Yi Peng is often confused with a completely separate, unrelated event which is held in a nearby town called Mae Jo. The Mae Jo lantern release used to be part of the traditional Khatina ceremony held in the town, whereby Thai Buddhists donate robes and money trees to monks as a way of making merit. When the ceremony became flooded with visitors, the event organisers set up a separate ticketed lantern release for tourists, which costs between $100 and $400 to attend. Alternatively, you can witness thousands of floating lanterns for free at the Yi Peng festival.
When is Yi Peng?
Yi Peng is another Thai festival which falls during the full moon of the 12th month of the Thai Lunar Calendar. This occurs around November but the exact date changes each year. In 2021 the dates are set from the 19 November – 20 November. Lanterns are mainly released anytime from dusk till early morning on Yi Peng night itself, which is on the 19th of November 2021.
Where can you celebrate Yi Peng?
Yi Peng is celebrated throughout northern Thailand but the most famous festivities take place in Chiang Mai. The best areas to watch the lantern releases are around the city moat and the Ping River, as well as Wat Chedi Luang and Wat Dan Tao temples.
3. Loy Krathong, Thai Festival of Light
During Loy Krathong, people all over Thailand gather by the water after dark to release floating baskets (Krathongs) filled with burning candles. As the rafts drift away they carry with them a clipping of the owner’s hair or nails to symbolise letting go of bad luck and negative thoughts. Flowers and coins are also placed in the baskets to give thanks to the water goddesses for providing rain during the rice harvest season. The flickering candle itself pays respect to Lord Buddha.
Loy Krathong has evolved into one of the largest festivals in Thailand. The three-day event is filled with parades, beauty contests and firework displays. Krathongs are traditionally made from banana tree trunks or lilies. In Bangkok, there’s a river parade of large-scale Krathongs made by government offices and businesses, with a prize for the most creative design. Loy Krathong is closely tied to Chiang Mai’s Yi Peng festival as it occurs on the same night and focuses on the same Buddhist principles of releasing the past and making wishes for the future.
Scenes from Thailand festival Loy Kratong.
When is Loy Krathong?
Loy Krathong falls in November, during the 12th month of the lunar calendar on the night of a full moon. The dates vary each year, but in 2020, Loy Krathong is on the 19th of November with celebrations due to take place from 19 - 20 November 2021.
Where can you celebrate Loy Krathong?
Loy Krathong is one of the most celebrated Thailand festivals. In Bangkok there's a huge opening ceremony on the Chao Phraya River and the historic town of Sukhothai is also renowned for its festivities. In Trat, a small town near Myanmar, locals use coconut shells for Krathongs, which they string together to make beautiful chains. Since Loy Krathong falls on the same night as Yi Ping, in Chiang Mai you can experience both floating sky and water lanterns at once.
4. Phi Ta Khon - Thai Ghost Festival
During the ghost festival, the quiet farming village of Dan Sai is transformed by colourful, masked spirits who dance and parade through the streets. The three-day Thai festival is a re-enactment of a Buddhist story and a celebration of animist reincarnation beliefs. In this tale, Lord Buddha was living his final incarnation before enlightenment as a prince who had been banished from his kingdom. After a long exile, he returned to such a joyous homecoming that it woke the dead, who joined the celebrations.
Villagers dress in patchwork costumes and long-nosed, painted masks made from rice husks. They wear bells around their waists to announce the presence of spirits and wave swords and phallic charms as they parade through the streets. On the second day, rockets filled with good luck tokens are fired to pray for rain and there are traditional dancing and an award for the best-dressed ghost. On the third day, people gather to listen to monks recite thirteen sermons about Lord Buddha.
The iconic parade of Thai Festival Phi Ta Khon.
When is Phi Ta Khon?
Phi Ta Khon is part of a bigger Buddhist festival called Bun Luang, which is celebrated in many parts of northern Thailand. The dates for Phi Ta Khon change every year, but fall in either June or July. In 2021, Phi Ta Khon is from 12th June until 14th of June.
Where can you celebrate Phi Ta Khon?
Phi Ta Khon takes place in Dan Sai, a farming village in the Loei province of Thailand. Many visitors stay in nearby Loei city because the village itself gets flooded with festival-goers.
5. Phuket Vegetarian Festival (the Nine Emperor Gods Festival)
Want to see people pushing knives through their cheeks, setting off firecrackers and walking over hot coals? Oh, and eat some tasty vegetarian food? Then visit one of the most unique Thailand festivals: the Nine Emperor Gods celebration in Phuket. The festival origins are unclear, but it’s thought that a Chinese opera group visited the island many years ago and fell sick with malaria. They miraculously recovered after observing a strict vegetarian diet and praying to the nine Emperor gods.
Nowadays, thousands of people from across Asia visit Phuket for the nine-day festival. Rituals include eating a vegetarian diet to cleanse the body and mind and taking offerings to temples to pray. The more gruesome aspects of the festival, like the body piercing, are practised by mediums to invoke the gods. At the start of the festival, a 10-metre pole is raised to alert the nine gods and participants descend into a trance-like state as they take part in a street procession.
Shocking scenes during this lugubrious Thai festival.
When is the Phuket Vegetarian Festival?
The vegetarian festival takes place on the first nine days of the ninth month in the Chinese Lunar calendar. In 2021 - the festival dates are set between 5th of October and 15th of October.
Where can you celebrate the Vegetarian Festival?
The festival takes place on the island of Phuket. Although celebrations occur around all 40 of the island’s Chinese shrines, most of the action is around the main temples: Kathu Shrine, Cherng Talay, Jui Tui, Jaw and Bang Niew.
6. The Lopburi Monkey Buffet Festival
In the Thai city of Lopburi, monkeys rule. Local people revere the long-tailed macaques so much that every year they hold an extravagant feast for them in the crumbly ruins of an old Khmer temple. Over 3,000 macaques attend the banquet of fruit, vegetables and sticky rice, which is laid out on long tables. Before the banquet, Lopburi locals perform songs, speeches and monkey dances in honour of the macaques.
The Lopburi people believe that monkeys descend from Hanuman’s monkey army who, according to legend, saved the wife of Lord Ram from a demon. Since then, monkeys have been thought to bring good luck and are allowed to roam where they please in the city, even if they do cause chaos and tend to mug people. A local Lopburi inn owner, Yongyuth Kitwatananusont, held the first buffet for the monkeys in 1989 and the festival now draws thousands of tourists every year.
Lopburi Monkey Buffet Festival
When is the Monkey Buffet Festival?
The Monkey Buffet has become known as one of the wackiest Thailand festivals and it takes place every year on the last Sunday in November, which is the 28th of November.
Where can you celebrate the Monkey Buffet Festival?
The Monkey Buffet is held in Lopburi, which is 150 kilometres north of Bangkok. The celebrations start at 10 am at the Phra Prang Sam Yot Temple.
7. Candle Festival
Candle Festival is a two-day festival in Udon Ratchathani of which the start of Buddhism Lent, the start of the Green Season in Thailand, is celebrated. The reason why the Candle Festival is called the Candle Festival is that the parade floats that are being used on the second day of this festival are made of candle wax. These impressive and giant sculptures on these large platforms are made by artists and reflect Buddhist stories, are the highlight of this festival, although there are plenty of other activities too as well. The parade, accompanied with representatives, musicians and dancers, will pass through the city centre. Keep in mind that as this is a religious festival, no alcohol is allowed.
When is the Candle Festival?
The official date of the Candle Festival is yet to be announced. Updated will follow soon.
Where can you celebrate the Candle Festival?
Candle Festival is being held at the Thung Si Mueang area of Ubon Ratchathani.
8. Pattaya Firework Festival
If you’re a firework lover, head over to the Pattaya Firework Festival in November each year where different international teams show off their fireworks and compete against each other. What’s good about Pattaya Firework Festival is that visitors can simply sit on the beach, bring their own drinks and foods and watch some spectacular fireworks for free. But you can also enjoy the show at one of the many beachside hotels and rooftop bars where often great promotions are offered that include unlimited drinks and bites.
Pattaya Firework Festival is a two-day festival, where on the first day, you only get to see a tiny bit of firework from each team, but on the second day, three 45-minutes fireworks shows are performed. And these shows are really spectacular. For obvious reasons, the second day is much more popular and many hotels take advantage of this. Advanced booking is highly recommended if you like to stay near the firework show. Hotels outside this area offer normal rates for their rooms.
When is the Pattaya Firework Festival?
Pattaya Firework Festival is being held on the last weekend of November (Friday and Saturday). The date of the Pattaya Firework Festival in 2021 is yet to be announced. Updates will follow soon.
Where can you celebrate Pattaya Firework Festival?
The firework show is held in front of Pattaya Beach. Visitors can enter the beach for free and bring their own drinks and foods. Hotels and rooftop bars near Pattaya beach (at Beach Road) are the places where you can find all-you-can-drink promotions.
9. Colours of Doi Tung Festival
One of the Thai festivals that tourists can visit easier than others is Colours of Doi Tung Festival in Chiang Rai as this festival takes place in the months December and January and not on a specific date. Colours of Doi Tung is a relatively new festival that is dedicated to the six ethnic tribes who have lived in the region’s hills for centuries. The six ethnic tribes are Lahu, Tai Yai, Akha, Lue, Lawa and Chinese. During this festival, cultural activities such as traditional dancing and other entertaining events are displayed on the highest elevated walking street in Thailand, namely in the mountains of Doi Tung in Chiang Rai. The walking street is located 1,000 meters above sea level where visitors can enjoy plenty of food, arts, crafts and shops. Colours of Doi Tung Festival is a unique Thai festival that is a tribute to the ethnic tribes held at a superb location.
When is the Colours of Doi Tung Festival?
Colours of Doi Tung Festival is held every weekend and public holidays in the months December and January.
Where can you celebrate Colours of Doi Tung Festival?
Colours of Doi Tung Festival is held at the mountain peak of Doi Tung near the border of Myanmar, approximately one hour drive from Chiang Rai. Due to its location and relatively newness, this Thai festival has not gone mainstream yet and gives you a unique cultural experience which you won’t easily find elsewhere.
10. River Kwai Bridge Week Festival
For those among us who are interested in a Thai festival that covers the gruesome history of World War Two, the River Kwai Bridge Week in Kanchanaburi is a highly recommended event. Each year, the events of the Death Railway and the prisoners of war during World War Two are reenacted with plays. These reenacted battles are combined with a spectacular light and firework show. Besides the show itself, several exhibitions are on display as well where you can get a deeper knowledge of what happened in Kanchanaburi’s recent history.
During the River Kwai Bridge Week, the majority of the hotels are fully booked, so booking in advance is highly recommended. The event itself takes place at the Bridge Over The River Kwai and in 2019, there was no entrance fee to attend the event. Right behind the event, northeast from the bridge, there is a large fair where you can enjoy all the street food you could possibly imagine as well as live music performances. A nice little detail: during the River Kwai Bridge Week, the city itself is completely lidded up with all sorts of light creations which is beautiful to watch when driving through the city.
The light and firework show during River Kwai Bridge Week.
When is the River Kwai Bridge Week?
The River Kwai Bridge Week is held each year at the end of November and the beginning of December. Keep in mind that the reenacting performances are not held on the last day. On the last day of the River Kwai Bridge Week, only the fair is open. In 2021, the performances are shown from the 26th of November until 28th of December.
Where can you celebrate the River Kwai Bridge Week?
River Kwai Bridge Week is being held at the Bridge Over The River Kwai which is located in the Kanchanaburi Tambon Ban Tai area. To be clear, Kanchanaburi itself is the - third-largest - province. If you are planning to book a hotel during the River Kwai Bridge Week, make sure to select an accommodation in the Kanchanaburi Tambon Ban Tai area or simply near the Bridge Over The River Kwai.
11. Boon Bang Fai - Thai Rocket Festival
To celebrate the beginning of the raining season, which is hardly needed to grow crops, a rocket festival is being held in the Isaan-region to wake up the sky god Phaya Taen that it’s time to unleash the rain. The celebration of the wet season is common in many cultures all over the world and in Thailand, Boon Bang Fai evolved into a celebration with homemade bamboo rockets, parades, traditional dancing and late-night parties. Boon Bang Fai is being held in many villages all over the Isaan-region, each with slightly different celebrations. The most popular rocket festival, however, is the Yasothon Rocket Festival.
The festival at Yasothon is being held on the weekend and takes three days in total. On Sunday, the competition starts where participants try to launch the missile as far and as long as possible. To prove that this Rocket Festival at Yasothon is serious business: they use homemade rockets that weigh over one hundred kilograms and it will fly over five minutes long. We don’t have to explain to you that this festival can be very dangerous. In the past, people have died or got seriously injured during this festival. If you plan to attend this crazy Thai festival, make sure to take precaution.
When is the Rocket Festival?
The Rocket Festival is being held all over the Isaan-region on different dates around the start the raining season, however, the Rocket Festival at Yasothon is being held on the second Saturday of May. In 2021, the Rocket Festival is held from the 7th until the 9th of May.
Where can you celebrate the Rocket Festival?
As said, the Rocket Festival is being celebrated all over the Isaan-region, but the most popular Rocket Festival is being held at Yasothon.
12. Phimai Festival & Long-Boat Race
One of the older festivals in Thailand is the Phimai Festival, that is being held every second weekend of November. During this five-day festival, homage is given to the more than thousand-year-old ancient city with a daily light and sound show at seven o’clock at night at the ruins of Phimai Historical Park. The light and sound show takes you on a historical journey of King Jayavarman VII. During the five days, there are several activities to do and to watch, including visiting the year market and attending cultural performances. But the absolute highlight is the traditional long-boat race, which is being held on Sunday.
When is the Phimai Festival & Long-Boat Race?
Phimai Festival & Long-Boat Race is being held every second weekend of November. The Long-Boat Race, in particular, is being held on Sunday. In 2021, you can experience this Thai festival from the 12th until the 16th of November.
Where can you celebrate the Phimai Festival & Long-Boat Race?
The Phimai Festival & Long-Boat race can be celebrated at the Phimai Historical Park. If you're looking to watch a long-boat race in Thailand: There are several other long-boat races being held in Thailand around September and October as the raining season caused the rivers to be filled with plenty of water again. One of these alternative boat races is being held at Phitsanulok as well as Bangkok. The dates of these events vary each year though.
Thailand Festivals 2021 Dates
|Name of Thai Festival||Date of Thai Festival|
|Songkran||13 - 15 April|
|Yi Peng||19 - 20 November|
|Loy Krathong||19 November|
|Phi Ta Khong||12 - 14 June|
|Phuket Vegetarian Festival||5 - 15 October|
|Lopburi Monkey Buffet Festival||27 - 28 November|
|Pattaya Firework Festival||TBA|
|Colours of Doi Tung Festival||Every weekend December 2021 - January 2022|
|River Kwai Bridge Week Festival||26 - 28 November|
|Boon Bang Fai||7 - 9 May|
|Phimai Festival||12 - 16 November|
Visiting a Thai festival is one of the best ways to get an insight into a country’s culture. It can also be great fun, whether you’re taking part in a sacred lantern release or getting soaked in the streets. So, why not time your trip to coincide with one of these incredible Thailand festivals? If you can't plan your trip around one of the listed festivals, you can always check for upcoming events in Thailand promoted by TourismThailand.org.
There you have it, our article about the best Thai festivals. Planning to visit Thailand in 2021? Have a look at our in-depth article about the street food in Bangkok and street food in Thailand in general. Similar to Thai festivals, street food plays an essential role in the culture of Thailand and for many tourists, exploring the culinary street of Bangkok is one of the top things to do when visiting the land of the smiles.
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Other relevant reads for your holiday in Thailand:
Planning A Trip To Thailand
The 7 Best Night Markets in Bangkok
The 4 Best Floating Markets In And Near Bangkok
The 43 Ultimate Things To Do in Thailand (long read)
25 Best Local Thai Dishes In Bangkok And Where To Get Them